- Trees: Typically, the west wall of your home will receive direct light from the sun during the hottest hours of the day and will benefit the most from having tall, leafy trees planted to block the sunlight. Ideally, the trees would be planted about 25 feet from your home. The south wall will not receive as much benefit from a shade tree as the west wall. However, if you do end up deciding to plant a tree on the south side, it is important to choose a species that drops its leaves, so that sunlight can reach your home in the winter
- Fences: Fences can be an excellent barrier for the sun’s rays. Put up a tall, solid fence along problem areas of your home, which suffer from unshielded solar heat. It is best to install a fence with slats rather than a solid one because in the winter, solid fences can actually intensify the effects of freezing winds battering your home.
- Sunblocks and Windbreaks: Using medium size trees and shrubs is a proven way to block scorching sunlight in summer and harsh winds in winter. Make sure to use evergreens, as deciduous trees and shrubs lose their leaves in winter and as a result won’t block much wind in winter.
- Doorways: Both heat loss and heat gain can occur through gaps and leaks in your home’s doorways. Lining the area directly outside your doors with shrubs and trees can keep the area cooler in summer and warmer in winter.